Here's a brief overview of the items of men's clothing that might have been worn during the mid 17th Century -
Shirt - basic item of underwear. Simple in construction, usually made from linen. Could be worn to sleep in.
Hose (stockings, socks) - held up with garters at the knee. Could be sewn from cloth or knitted from wool or silk.
Waistcoat (singlet) - single layer garment worn underneath other clothes for warmth. Could be knitted.
Breeches - knee length leg covering, also covering lower torso. 17th century trousers.
Doublet - jacket. Close fitting, lined and interlined. Used to support the breeches, being attached at the waist with ribbon points or hooks and eyes.
Jerkin - worn over doublet for warmth and/or protection. Might be sleeveless.
Coat - loose fitting and mostly hip length. Worn for working in.
Band - separate linen collar. Could be sewn temporarily to the high doublet collar.
Sleeve bands (cuffs) - made from linen, like collars were separate items pinned or sewn in place.
Cassock (Dutch coat) - loose overcoat, usually associated with soldiers and military wear.
Cloak - short length (between hip and knee level). Might be worn across one shoulder only.
Hats - various styles worn. Made from felted fur or wool, and straw for summer. Also knitted 'Monmouth caps' and linen 'night caps'.
Latchets (shoes) - made straight lasted (no left or right - can be worn on either foot). Might have a raised heel.